Philippine Daily Inquirer, 27 January 2015
By Miguel R. Camus
MANILA, PhilippinesâLocal and foreign conglomerates are expected to submit documents today signifying their interest in the Light Rail Transit Line 2 long-term operations and maintenance contract, the governmentâs second railway public-private partnership (PPP) deal on offer.
Michael Sagcal, spokesperson of the Department of Transportation and Communications, said the submission and opening of qualification documents for the LRT-2 deal, the smallest and newest of three overhead railways in Metro Manila, would push through today.
The qualification process is meant to determine which groups will be allowed to submit technical and financial offers. The deadline was pushed back from last month after several bidders sought more time.
The bidding process for the 10-year operations and maintenance contract, extendable by five years, is likely to draw the participation of frequent PPP participants, based on companies that bought bid documents earlier.
These include San Miguel Corp., the Ty familyâs GT Capital Holdings Inc., D.M Cosunji Inc., Aboitiz Equity Ventures Inc. and Light Rail Manila Consortium, a venture between Ayala Corp. and Metro Pacific Investments Corp. that already won the P65-billion LRT-1 Cavite extension PPP in 2014.
Foreign companies that bought bid documents include Franceâs RATP Group, Spainâs Globalvia and Japanâs Marubeni Corp., Sagcal said.
At stake is the chance to operate the existing 13.8-kilometer LRT-2 line from Recto Avenue to the Depot on Santolan Street along Marcos Highway.
The railway line handled almost 200,000 people a day in 2014, latest data from the Light Rail Transit Authority showed.
The DOTC will separately build a 4.19-km âEast extensionâ, or from Santolan to the Masinag market in Antipolo City along Marcos Highway.
The DOTC said construction would be completed âby the end of 2016â and would be turned over to the LRT-2 concessionaire.
âThis project would enhance the Metro Manila and Antipolo regionsâ competitiveness and quality of life, fostering sustainable, transit-oriented development in Metro Manila and the surrounding provinces,â it added.
The department said other extension projects for the LRT system were being studied, including the viability of a so-called West extension to the Divisoria area of Manila.
The LRT-2 line started commercial operations in 2003.
InterAksyon, 27 January 2015
By Darwin G. Amojelar
MANILA – D.M. Consunji Inc. has bagged a contract to extend the LRT2 eastward to Masinag in Cainta, Rizal.
In a statement, the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) said DMCI offered P2.27 billion to build a 3.9-kilometer elevated guideway for the LRT2 East Extension from the railwayâs end-station at Santolan in Pasig City.
DOTC set a price ceiling of P2.39 billion for the project.
DMCI has 18 months to complete the civil works for the elevated guideway or viaduct.
âRailway modernization entails improving infrastructure and shifting services towards better customer orientation. Our projects for LRT2 will make fast, affordable, and convenient transportation accessible to residents of the densely-populated parts of Rizal, such as Antipolo and Cainta,â Transport Secretary Joseph Emilio Abaya said.
Another LRT2 upgrade in the pipeline is the west extension from its Recto Station going to the port area in Manila. The National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) is evaluating the proposal.
The DOTC is also bidding out the LRT2′s operation and maintenance (O&M) contract under the public-private partnership (PPP) scheme.
The project will give the winning concessionaire the right to operate and maintain the existing 13.8-kilometer line for the next 10 to 15 years.
The existing line traverses the cities of Manila, San Juan, Quezon, Marikina and Pasig, but the project includes the 4.2-kilometer extension to Masinag, and any future extensions.
Companies that purchased invitation documents for the projectâs pre-qualification stage include DMCI, San Miguel Corporation, GT Capital Holdings Inc., Light Rail Manila Corporation, Marubeni Corporation, Franceâs RATP Development, and Spainâs Globalvia.
The DOTC Bids and Awards Committee for this project aims to announce the qualified groups by the end of February and the bidding slated for the second half of the year.
Business Mirror, 26 January 2015
The P374.5-billion Mass Transit System Loop will pass below the Manila Golf Club in Makati City, a senior government official said.
Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Executive Director Cosette V. Canilao clarified, however, that the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) and the Manila Golf Club are still to come up with an agreement.
She said the contract approved by the National Economic and Development Authority (Neda) Investment Coordination Council (ICC) indicated that the subway project will pass through the 26th Avenue in Bonifacio Global City.
âBut it might change in the Neda Board. The DOTC is in talks with them, and they know the plans for the project. Thereâs continuous discussion with Manila Golf,â Canilao said.
She said technical advisors from her agency assured that the project will not have adverse effects on the ground above the subway.
âIf it will be felt on the surface, our technical advisors assured that engineering solutions will be used for it not to be felt above,â the PPP Center chief said.
Manila Golf Club, she noted, âis openâ to the prospect.
âThe dialogue is still continuing,â Canilao said.
The project, along with six others, is tabled for approval of the Neda Board next month.
Earlier Transportation Secretary Joseph Emilio A. Abaya said his office is considering two options in constructing the subway, either below the 32nd Avenue or the 26th Avenue in Bonifacio Global City.
The latter is a better option, Abaya has said, as it passes through McKinley and Ayala. However, the mass-transit system will have to pass through the premises of the Manila Golf Club, thus the need for a compromise agreement.
The Mass Transit System Loop will connect the fast-developing Bonifacio Global City, Makati Central Business District and the Mall of Asia area in Pasay City. It will improve intercity linkage by providing a higher-capacity public transportation system that would facilitate fast and convenient mobility of goods and services.
The mass-transit project also intends to address the high volume of vehicular traffic traversing in these major business districts. The 12-kilometer railway line will have 11 stationsâtwo are elevated, five are underground and four are interchanges.
The project is one of the key infrastructure deals of the Aquino administration.
The government aims to sign at least 15 contracts before President Aquino bows out in 2016.
Bloomberg News, PNA
Business Mirror, 26 January 2015
By Lorenz S. Marasigan
The woman boards the train at about 6:15 p.m., her mind already dwelling on the comforts of her home after a full dayâs work.
The train car is full to the brim; if the idiom âbursting at the seamsâ were literal, the coachâs doors would have been busted by now.
Passengers push at each other in a bid to find the best, although uncomfortable, position. Beads of sweat start to rush down the passengersâ faces.
The car is hot, although air-conditioning is working just fine, from too much body heat. The passengers are so close to each other that moving oneâs hand is almost impossible.
From Ayala station in Makati City, the train winds on at 40 kilometers per hour to the next stop at Buendia, which is about a kilometer or two away.
The womanâs grip starts to weaken as her insides churn and her head feels like a water lily floating on a shallow pond.
Just before the jam-packed train, with almost a thousand commuters, stops at the Buendia station, her vision dims and she loses consciousness.
It took the personnel of the Metro Rail Transit (MRT) Line 3 quite some time to respond to the emergency. Passengers begin reviving the woman, who is probably in her mid-20s.
Possibly, she suffers from asphyxia, or the lack of oxygen in the body, likely as a consequence of the congestion in
the train. After all, she stands about 5 foot flat, and most of the passengers are taller than her. She is also thin, making her almost invisible in a mob of angry commuters.
By the time two men carried her out the train car, those waiting for the train to move to the next station start pushing each other to get inside the already-congested coaches, not minding what had happened.
The same thing continued on the next four stations, making one wonder how the 60-train fleet of the MRT services over 540,000 passengers daily.
Still, a lot of commuters would opt to ride the overworked train system than brave the traffic horrors along Edsa and C-5 Roadâtwo of the major arteries in Metro Manila. A sea of red-and-yellow lights warmly would, in a literal sense, welcome passengers during rush hours, which doubles or even triplesâthe travel time from one point of Manila to another.
The same picture, only with different characters, could also be painted at the ports in Manila. A typical day would look like this: Containers all piled up, kilometric queues of trucks lined up for clearances and a slow-poke movement of vehicles in and out the two main sea terminals of the capital.
Port congestion has hounded Manila for almost a year now, with the Manila International Container Terminal (MICT) and the Manila South Harborâs combined yard utilization figures typically within the mid-80s to the high-90s. The bottleneck continues and worsens due to the holidays.
The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Naia), meanwhile, is no different. Its four terminals and runways already operate beyond their rated capacity, causing numerous cancellations or delays in flight operationsâwhether domestic or international.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (Jica) even predicts that this year would mark the start of the main gatewayâs dark days. The airport is expected to handle some 37.78 million passengers by year-end, way beyond its 30-million annual passenger capacity and a few notches up from its maximum capacity of 35 million passengers a year.
These, according to economists and businessmen, are signs that the $270-billion economy is overheating and characterized by the inability of existing infrastructure to accommodate fast-rising demand, causing inflation to spike.
Makati Business Club President Peter Angelo V. Perfecto said these logistical nightmares stem from the inability of governmentsâpast or presentâto anticipate the requirements of a rapidly expanding economy.
âOur transport infrastructure woes are rooted in a lack of long-term planning and a shared vision of where we want to see the country many years into the future,â he said. âThe implications of poor planning are obvious and the results are what we [have to] contend today.â
Government underspending in critical infrastructure has caused many Filipinos to bear with congestion, which eats up an estimated third of their time that could have been spent for more productive undertakings. This has also become a stumbling block to economic growth, as this forces the economy to lose the much-needed momentum to meet the governmentâs growth target in 2014.
World Bank Senior Country Economist Karl Kendrick Chua said the countryâs so-called investment deficit already total P950 billion, some 6.8 percent of the countryâs local output measured as the gross domestic product (GDP). Infrastructure deficit, in particular, was estimated at P350 billion.
âThis has resulted in monstrous traffic, flight delays and delays in importation,â he said.
European Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines External Vice President Henry J. Schumacher said the current state of infrastructure, particularly transport facilities, âwould not be able to handle the fast-paced growth of the economy.â
Former Budget Secretary and Economist Benjamin E. Diokno shares this view, tagging the current facilities as âpoor,â while enumerating woes that persist even as the economy continues to expand at a rapid pace.
âPoor infrastructure is a major constraint to growing. Power rates are high and its supply is unreliable. Water rates are expensive, too. Urban transit is inadequate and falling apart. The telco system is notoriously slow. All these are major disincentives to foreign direct investments,â he said.
Latest data from the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) show the total approved foreign investments (FDIs) in the first nine months of 2014 amounting to P91.8 billion, a 35.4-percent decline from the same period the year prior. In the third-quarter of 2014 alone, total approved foreign investments was almost halved to only P18.3 billion, from P32.9 billion in 2013.
The government projected FDI inflows in excess of $1 billion in 2014.
FDIs are investments placed by nonresidents in so-called bricks-and-mortar endeavors in the country, as opposed to portfolio investments that are speculative in nature and engaged in the Philippines only, as long as such placements present higher returns than placements elsewhere in the global marketplace.
At the same time, investments registered by the Philippine Economic Zones Authority increased by a mere 1.21 percent in 2014 as a consequence of the seven-month long port logjam in the capital, falling short of the 10-percent target for the year. Exports during the first 11 months of the year reached $40.518 billion, 8 percent below target. These are implications of a hurting economy that leads to lower competitiveness and lower productivity. âThe competitiveness of the country suffers and it hurts the economy,â Schumacher lamented.
âInfrastructure spending was not keeping up with the growth of the economy, and normally, thereâs a computation of how much infrastructure spending should grow for every rate of growth of the economy. Right now, we are playing catch-up,â National Competitiveness Council co-Chairman Guillermo M. Luz said.
The countryâs local output has been growing between mid-to-high single-digit rates, and logistical problems, such as congestions at the main trading gateways, could prove a stumbling block to economic expansion.
âIt hampers economic growth. It is difficult to absorb more investments because of more congestion,â he lamented.
The country ranks âquite lowâ in terms of competitiveness in terms of infrastructure. Luz said current data show that the $270-billion economyâs infrastructure competitiveness is âstill close to 100, which is a minor improvement, because, in the past, we were playing at the 105 to 110 ranks at the World Economic Forum.â
âWe have seen little improvements over the past years, but at least we have stopped dropping. Investors measure our overall competitiveness, and weâre hoping to improve again this year, as the government ramps up infrastructure spending,â he said.
Borrow more, invest more
The economic implications of congestion in Metro Manila alone, Japanese consultants say, would also mean productivity losses in the Philippines. Should the government fail to address traffic woes by the year 2030, the Philippines stands to lose P6 billion daily in productivity losses.
But, if chronic transportation congestion were eradicated, or lessened in a major sense, Jica says the Philippines stands to generate P2.1 billion in savings from vehicle-operating costs.
The economic managers and businessmen alike agree on this, saying the government must increase its spending in terms of infrastructure, so as to further expand the economy and alleviateâif not eraseâthe logistical nightmares in and around the country.
âGovernment effort to narrow the infrastructure gap will ramp up construction, increase employment, create secondary activities and attract more investment opportunities. We should borrow money domestically to finance spending for public infrastructure,â Diokno suggests. Economists say the country needs to invest P600 to P700 billion each year in public infrastructures to achieve strong sustainable growth.
âBuilding the right infrastructure at the right time and with the right cost requires a better appreciation of what is the situation now and what is needed many years hence,â Perfecto adds.
Fortunately, the government has vowed to increase infrastructure spending over the last 18 months of the Aquino administration. It has earmarked P562.3 billion for public infrastructure this year. To be continued
âWe are pumping in money to finance our infrastructure, because we know that it is spring to economic growth. If our roads are paved, the transport of goods and services to the market would be faster, improving businesses that create jobs, ultimately leading to comprehensive growth,â President Aquino said during his visit in Romblon this month.
For his part, Public Works Secretary Rogelio L. Singson said his office aims to increase infrastructure spending through 2016, explaining that the government has set its sights on spending the equivalent of 5 percent of GDP, totaling as high as $18 billion by 2016, from $4 billion in 2011.
âWe commit that by 2016, all national roads and bridges, estimated to measure 32,000 kilometers, will have been paved,â he said.
PPPs to sustain infrastructure reforms
For Luz, the key to achieving the target of eradicating the logistical nightmares lies on two things: higher public infrastructure spending and quickly implementing the public-private partnership (PPP) projects.
âWe should see a surge in infrastructure spending and PPP projects,â he said.
The key infrastructure program of the Aquino administration has made a good impression among its peers in Asia, due to its âsound policies and structure.â
Since its inception in 2010, the government has awarded only nine deals under the program, which has a robust pipeline of more than 60 projects. The government is currently auctioning off 11 contracts as of press time.
Diokno, however, was not too happy of the program, calling it a âdisappointment.â
âThe credibility of the Aquino administration will diminish as its term ends. Some contractors might choose not to participate and just wait for the next administration. You see the same companies competing for the various PPP projects. Their capacity may be near their limits,â he said.
But for PPP Center Executive Director Cosette V. Canilao, the government has done a great job in facilitating the program that seeks the help of the private sector in plugging the infrastructure gap in the Philippines.
âWe have a lot of projects in the pipeline and we are seeing a lot of interest from foreign bidders. There are new players in our projects. Those that are already participating in our bids are large corporations which form consortiums, and they should really invest in our infrastructure,â she said.
The PPP chief said the Aquino government hopes that the next administration would continue implementing the key infrastructure thrust in order to address the infrastructure woes in the country.
âWe all want the PPP program to be sustainable and to go beyond 2016. So what we are doing now is weâre strengthening the regulatory framework and making the process more efficient and fool-proof of the PPP Act,â Canilao added.
Essentially, the PPP Act is an amendment of the Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) Law, which is the very cornerstone of the program.
âThe technical working group meetings will start at the lower house on the 28th of January and on the Senate. We are talking with the Senate President and weâre hoping that their technical working committee meetings would start really soon,â Canilao said.
When approved, the PPP Act would institutionalize the Project Development and Monitoring Facility, the PPP Governing Board and the contingent liability fund. The proposed amendments include the separation of regulatory and commercial functions of government-owned and -controlled corporations and create a list of projects called âProjects of National Significance.â
By virtue of being included in the list of projects of national significance, projects will be âinsulatedâ from local laws, among others, by local government units.
The proposed amendments also include allowing time-bound temporary restraining order and the extension of the period for the Swiss Challenge to six months from the current two-month period.
The amendments are seen approved within the term of President Aquino.
Address woes practically
More than increasing infrastructure spending for the next couple of months, Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry President Alfredo M. Yao said the government must also act quickly to address the woes in the countryâs much-needed facilities.
âWe need to work double time. These problems are a result of poor planning from past administrationsâa confluence of poor planning. We should have improved our rail systems by this time, our airports should have been modernized, and our ports should have been improved,â he said.
The short-term measure addressing the congestion at Naia and the Manila-based ports, he said, should force the port operators and airlines to move to secondary gateways up north and down south.
âWe have seaports in Batangas and in Subic which are ready. We just have to improve them, add more berths to lessen the queues. For the airport, we cannot really use our existing. We have a runway problem, so we have to bite the bullet. We have to get out from them and make an alternate airport in Naia. We really have to go to Clark, but the problem is we need a bus rail, or an airport rail that would run efficiently,â Yao, who owns a majority of budget carrier AirAsia Zest, said.
But more than forcing commercial airlines to get out of Naia, the government should exercise the political will to remove private planes out of the main gateway.
âIf they would do that, Naiaâs runway would improve by 20-percent to 30-percent. These planes should be transferred to Clark or Sangley. Imagine, these planes that carry only two to three passengers would have the same waiting time as a commercial airplane that carries 200 to 300 passengers. They should have the political will and power to do it,â Yao said.
Bear the consequence for now
Building the infrastructure now, Luz said, would mean further addressing the problem of congestion.
âWe must accelerate building more infrastructures, but as we build the infrastructure at the same time, the public would have to suffer inconvenience because of the construction, but at least we could reap the benefits in the future,â he said.
At present, the government is building more bridges, paving more roads, and is trying to improve the state of the railways, aviation gateways, and seaports around the country, implementing the P4.76-trillion Roadmap for Transport Infrastructure Development for Metro Manila and its Surrounding Areas, otherwise known as the Dream Plan, crafted by Jica.
It lists the transport infrastructures the Philippines needs to remove potential losses and gain from prospective savings.
Some of the projects under the PPP programâa number of which have been awarded alreadyâwere under the Dream Plan, but almost five years into the Aquino administration, not one had been completed.
âWe must understand that infrastructure projects have long gestation periods,â Canilao explained.
Slated for commercial operations is one of the smallest projects in the pipeline, the P2.01-billion Daang Hari-South Luzon Expressway Link, a four-kilometer thoroughfare awarded to Ayala Corp.
Luz said he has high hopes that the government would address these problems sooner or later, as this would have a direct impact on the over-all ranking of the Philippines in terms of competitiveness, which is a barometer that tells investors whether or not to risk their money in the Southeast Asian economy.
âOverall, we rank 52nd at the World Economic Forum. We used to be in the 80s three or four years ago. Itâs a big improvement, imagine when we fix these logistical problems, imagine the increase,â Luz said.
The government and the private sector might be working closely to eradicate the congestion and help lessen the load of commuters, but that might be far from a handâs reach as of the moment.
For now, the woman who passed out while riding the MRT could do with what is available, even if it means risking her life just to earn a living.
Business World, 23 January 2015
By Chrisee Jalyssa V. Dela Paz
THE MOST EXPENSIVE public-private partnership (PPP) deal thus far, along with six other PPP projects, could secure final approval from the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) Board in early February, senior officials said on Friday.
Rolando G. Tungpalan, NEDA deputy director general for Investment Programming, said in a text message that the NEDA Board, which is chaired by President Benigno S.C. Aquino III, could approve the âseven PPP projects and other two which were recently approved by ICC in the first or second week of February.â
Tabled for approval, among others, are the P378.33-billion Makati-Pasay-Taguig Mass Transit System Loop; the P179.22-billion North-South Railway Project (South Line); the P13.33-billion Motor Vehicle Inspection System (MVIS) Project; the expansion of the Tarlac-Pangasinan-La Union Expressway (TPLEx), with a project cost still to be determined; the P1.16-billion Civil Registry System (CRS)-Information Technology (IT) Project Phase II; the Swiss challenge mode of implementation of the P18-billion 8-kilometer North Luzon Expressway (NLEx)-South Luzon Expressway (SLEx) Connector Road; and the rebidding of the P35.42-billion Cavite Laguna Expressway (CALAx), PPP Center Executive Director Cosette V. Canilao told reporters on the sidelines of an event in Makati City on Friday.
The rebidding of CALAx and the 8-kilometer NLEx-SLEx Connector Road were approved by the NEDA Investment Coordination Committee (ICC) Technical Board and Cabinet Committee last Dec. 22, while the five remaining PPP deals were approved on Jan. 14.
The P378.33-billion mass transit system loop is the most expensive project currently in the pipeline. Poised to become the countryâs first subway system, it will link Bonifacio Global City, the Makati central business district and the SM Mall of Asia area in a bid to ease traffic congestion in the cities of Makati, Pasay and Taguig, according to the PPP Center Web site. The planned 20-kilometer (km) subway will consist of a 16-km tunnel, a 4-km elevated railway and 11 stations.
The P179.22-billion North-South Railway Project, meanwhile, is the second biggest PPP deal in the pipeline. It involves 89.7 kilometers (km) of tracks that will connect to the Philippine National Railways, the state railroad system.
The railway project, according to PPP Center Web site, will have two phases: the Malolos-Tutuban line, which will be funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency, and the rehabilitation of the Tutuban-Calamba line under the PPP scheme. The second phase will involve an interchange station at Tutuban station.
Outside of the PPP, the Bureau of Fire Protection Capability Building Program Phase II project of the Department of Interior and Local Government and the P13.89-billion LRT Line 2 West Extension the Department of Transportation and Communications could also be approved by the NEDA Board in early February.
These two infrastructure deals were given the green light by the NEDA ICC Technical Board and Cabinet Committee on Jan. 14.
âShould all these projects be approved by the NEDA Board this February, the implementing agencies can start the bidding process, meaning publish the invitation to bid… this normally takes one month after the approval,â Ms. Canilao told reporters.
Eight PPP contracts have been awarded so far by the Aquino government since the late-2010 launch of this flagship infrastructure program: the P17.52-billion Mactan-Cebu International Airport Project; the P64.9-billion Light Rail Transit Line 1 (LRT-1) Cavite Extension; the P1.72-billion Automatic Fare Collection System; the P2.01-billion Daang Hari-South Luzon Expressway Link Road; the P15.52-billion Ninoy Aquino International Airport Expressway; the P16.28-billion first phase of the PPP for School Infrastructure Project (PSIP); the PSIPâs P3.86-billion second phase; and the P5.69-billion Philippine Orthopedic Center modernization project.
The Philippine Star, 25 January 2015
By Lawrence Agcaoili
MANILA, Philippines – The Aquino administration has awarded another Public-Private Partnership (PPP) project after the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) named the group of Filipino-owned Megawide Construction Corp. as the winning bidder for the P2.5-billion Integrated Transport System â Southwest Terminal.
Transportation Secretary Joseph Emilio Abaya said in a text message that the agencyâs Bids and Awards Committee (BAC) has awarded the PPP project to Megawideâs MWM Terminals.
This brings to nine the number of PPP projects worth P135.36 billion awarded by the Aquino administration which has raised a premium payment of over P36 billion.
Aside from the ITS â Southwest Terminal, the government has awarded the Daang Hari â South Luzon Expressway link road (P2 billion), PPP for School Infrastructure Project phase 1 (P8.86 billion), the PSIP-2 (P16.28 billion), the modernization project for the Philippine Orthopedic Center (P5.98 billion), the Ninoy Aquino International Airport expressway (P15.52 billion), the automated fare collection system project (P1.72 billion), the Mactan â Cebu International Airport expansion project (P17.5 billion), and the Light Rail Transit line 1 Cavite extension project (P65 billion).
On the other hand, Megawide has bagged five of the awarded PPP projects, including the Mactan Cebu International Airport expansion program together with Bangalore-based GMR Infrastructure; the modernization of Philippine Orthophedic Center together with World Citi; the P16.42 billion PPP for School Infrastructure project phase I; and the P3.86 billion PSIP phase II.
MWM Terminals submitted an annual grantor payment (AGP) of P100 million, while Filinvest Land Inc. of taipan Andrew Gotianun offered an annual grantor payment of P650 million. AGP are payments to be made by the government to the concessionaire, and the lower AGP, the better for the government.
DOTC spokesperson Michael Arthur Sagcal confirmed that the first PPP project this year has been awarded to Megawideâs MWM Terminals which was been given until Feb. 12 to complete the post-award requirements to pave the way for the signing of the concession agreement towards the end of February.
Sagcal pointed out that the winning concessionaire has eight months to start the construction of the transport hub and has 18 months or until April 2017 to complete the PPP project.
A total of 16 companies including diversified conglomerate San Miguel Corp., conglomerate Ayala Corp. and property giant Ayala Land Inc., Metro Pacific Tollways Corp. of infrastructure giant Metro Pacific Investments Corp., Robinsons Land Inc. of taipan John Gokongwei, D.M. Wenceslao and Associates Inc., Vicente T. Lao Construction, French-owned Egis Projects Philippines; Megaworld Corp.; State Properties Corp.; Expedition Properties Corp.; MGS Construction Inc.; Altus San Nicolas Corp.; and Tutuban Properties bought prequalification documents for the project.
However, only MWM Terminals and Filinvest Land submitted qualification documents together with technical and financial bids last Dec. 22.
Philippine Daily Inquirer, 25 January 2015
By Ben O. de Vera
Full-year figure may still fall short of goal, economists say
THE ECONOMY likely grew faster in the fourth quarter of 2014 than the preceding quarter, but the full-year figure possibly fell short of the governmentâs goal mainly due to anemic public spending, a poll among economists showed.
Ahead of the governmentâs announcement of the official figures on Jan. 29, all of the economists polled by the Inquirer last week predicted a fourth quarter gross domestic product (GDP) growth that was higher than the disappointing 5.3 percent in the third quarter.
For DBS Bank Ltd. economist Gundy Cahyadi, the fourth quarter GDP likely grew by 6.2 percent, while ING Bank Manila senior economist Joey Cuyegkengâs forecast was 5.9 percent, as the âstronger than expected fourth quarter agriculture performance delivers some upside surprise.â
The agriculture sector was among the hardest hit by super-typhoon âYolandaâ when it flattened central Philippines in November 2013. This pulled down the fourth quarter GDP growth that year to 6.5 percent, the lowest quarterly growth recorded in 2013.
Ateneo de Manila University economics department chair Luis F. Dumlao told reporters last week that the October to December growth figure could have settled at 5.9 percent, while University of Asia and the Pacific (UA&P) professor Victor A. Abola said his fourth quarter GDP forecast was a high 6.8 percent âbased on good agriculture performance, robust manufacturing and construction, which includes at least three PPP [public-private partnership] projects that are going full blast.â
University of the Philippines-School of Economics professor Ernesto M. Pernia, meanwhile, said he expected the fourth quarter GDP growth at 6 to 6.2 percent âowing to higher government spending, better export performance, and higher consumption spending in the run-up to the holiday season, especially with lower fuel prices and inflation.â
The fourth quarter growth forecasts of Security Bank economist Patrick M. Ella, British banking and financial giant Barclays, as well as Moodyâs Analytics were all above 6 percentâat 6.6 percent, 6.3 percent and 6.1 percent, respectively.
âWith exports improving in November-December amid stable domestic demand, we expect growth to improve in the fourth quarter,â Barclays said last Friday.
For its part, Moodyâs said it was expecting a âreboundâ in the fourth quarter as âbusiness sentiment and investments remain buoyant and should make a solid contribution to growth.â
For the entire 2014, only one economistâUA&Pâs Bernardo M. Villegasâprojected a full-year GDP growth within the governmentâs target. Villegas, who is also known as the countryâs âprophet of boomâ told an Asia CEO Forum last Jan. 13 that the 2014 GDP could have grown by 6.5 percent. The governmentâs goal is 6.5-7.5 percent.
Abola and Ella, meanwhile, projected that the 2014 GDP could have expanded by 6 percent and 6.2 percent, respectively. According to Abola, âlower inflation, last-minute spending in December and the [rollout of] PPP projects should provide the added boostâ to last yearâs GDP.
Economic managers had said that the ârealisticâ GDP growth last year would be 6 to 7 percent, a range whose lower end was below the official goal.
The majority of economists who provided their 2014 GDP growth forecasts had figures below 6 percent.
Cayadi and Dumlao both projected the economy to have grown by 5.9 percent last year, while Cuyegkeng and Perniaâs projections were even lower at 5.8 percent.
For Pernia, the lower full-year GDP for 2014 was a result of âslower-than-projected growth in earlier quarters, especially the first and third quarters.â
Last yearâs first quarter GDP grew by only 5.7 percent due to the spillover effects of âYolanda.â